top of page


The resolution is, in summary, the final product of the committee. It should contain specific and detailed approaches to the issue being debated, tackling the social, cultural, political and economical aspects of the matter. 

The resolutions are written by the delegates during unmoderated caucus in committee sessions. Some conferences require delegates to come with pre-written clauses, yet at SMUN we believe it is more productive for the development of the students for them to first debate the topic and then discuss the possible solutions together and instrcu. Nevertheless, it is recommended that delegates do have some pre-defined ideas of what they wish to add to the resolution.



Heading: contains four pieces of information – the committee name, the main submitters, the co-submitters, and the topic.

Pre-ambulatory clauses: these state all the issues that the committee wants to resolve on this issue. It may state reasons why the committee is working on this issue and highlight previous international actions on the issue. Pre-ambulatory clauses can include:​

  1. Past UN resolutions, treaties, or conventions related to the topic

  2. Past regional, non-governmental, or national efforts in resolving this topic

  3. References to the UN Charter or other international frameworks and laws

  4. Statements made by the Secretary-General or a relevant UN body or agency

  5. General background info formation or facts about the topic, its significance, and its impact.

Each preamble begins with a preambulatory phrase which can be found in the Handbook. The clause must meet the following criteria:

  • The pre-ambulatory phrase must be italicized.

  • The first word of the clause must be capitalized.

  • Preambles are not numbered.

  • Each preamble ends with a comma.

  • Skip a line between each clause. 

  • Preambles cannot have sub-clauses.

Operative clauses: these state actions that the submitters believe should be taken to resolve the issue. Each clause begins with a verb and ends with a semicolon.


The information must be organised in a logical sequence with each point numbered and containing a single idea or proposal. If further explanation or clarification is required, subclauses with Roman numerals or letter can be used. After the last clause, the resolution ends in a period. 

Each operative clause begins with an operative phrase which can be found in the Handbook. The clause must meet  the following criteria:


  • The operative phrase must be underlined.

  • The first word of the clause must be capitalized.

  • Operative phrases are numbered.

  • Each operative clause ends with a semi-colon. 

  • The last operative clause ends with a period.

  • Skip a line between each clause.

  • Indent all lines of each clause after the first line.

  • Operative clauses may have sub-clauses. Sub-clauses should be indented.

Bellow you can find a sample of a resolution, illustrating what was explained above. 

Committee: EU-LAC Foundation

Topic: Examining socialist policies to promote education and health care and its effects to developed and developing countries

Main submitters: The Netherlands, Germany, Uruguay, Russia, Greece, Nicaragua, Bulgaria

Co-submitters: Colombia, Panama, United Kingdom, US, Switzerland, Norway

The EU-LAC Foundation,

Viewing with appreciation the presence of all the countries and delegations here willing to collaborate regarding the issue at hand,

Guided by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the egalitarian ideals it has been based on,

Deeply conscious of the fact that the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals is fundamental to a notable social-economic development and to the eradication of inequalities in the distribution of basic human rights,

Noting with satisfaction the success of public health and education systems previously established in several of the Member States,

Fully alarmed by health and education disparities identified amongst the populations of certain nations,

​1. Encourages countries to seek financial and monetary guidance from organisms in order to help develop a sustainable plan, that adapts to the country’s necessity and economy:

a. International Monetary Fund [IMF],

b. World Bank [WB];


2. Emphasizes the need of a larger fund for hospitals and schools, that may be funded from the following but are not limited to:

a. External inversion from other entities, such as but not limited to

i. Other governments,

ii. Private institutions; 

3. Strongly urges nations to offer high-quality, free education from preschool to highschool through methods, such as, but not limited to:

a. The granting of vouchers for funding private education to lower class children,

b. The exception of municipal and federal taxes to private institutions,

c. The establishment of a ministry – or similar entity – devoted to creating educational policies and developing existing ones;

4. Calls for international collaboration between the Member States by establishing a system of exchange of health care professionals and educators,

a. This system shall:  

i. Be based on voluntary enrollment of such specialists,

ii. Have its promotion and incentive through the government of each nation,

iii. Promote interchange of knowledge and proficiency between involved countries,


b. Nations which find themselves in extreme need of such professionals shall be put as priorities for receiving help,


c. Proper working conditions such as, but not limited to, salary, residency, necessary material and transport to host country should be provided by the government of nations involved in the specialist’s exchange,

i. Existing initiatives (such as WHO and UNESCO) can provide assistance if necessary,

ii. The specialist would have a limit of interchange of ten years, provided that in his return, the specialist’s working position would be substituted by native worker,


d. Volunteers willing to take part in the proposed scheme must pass through a qualification process, including:

i. Written and spoken tests in order to ensure enough proficiency in their respective areas,

ii. Interviews carried out by specialists already experienced in that field of knowledge;

5. Decides to remain actively seized upon the matter.

bottom of page